ITU e-Learning Course on

“Wireless Access Technologies
to Internet Network”

​9 – 16 March 2020

Course Description

This course focuses on Wireless Access Technologies to Internet Network including technical, business and regulatory aspects. It includes wireless and mobile evolutions including mobility approaches by IETF and 3GPP, 4G access technologies by 3GPP (LTE/LTE-Advanced), as well as Evolved Packet Core (EPC). The course also covers the other 4G technology accepted by the ITU-Advanced umbrella IMT-Advanced, Mobile WiMAX 2, as well as WiFi access technologies from the IEEE. Further, it includes QoS (Quality of Service) in mobile and wireless networks, 4G VoIP (Voice over IP) and mobile IPTV, OTT (Over The Top) broadband Internet services in wireless and mobile networks, as well as QoS assessment and QoS parameters for mobile services. Finally, the course focuses also on regulatory and business aspects for wireless and mobile broadband access to Internet.

Target Population

The course is addressed to corporate executives and managers, policy makers, regulators, i.e. middle-level managers, administrators, officials and engineers dealing with planning, developing, implementing and managing current and future telecom networks.

Expected Outcomes

At the end of the training, the participant should have gained an understanding
of the key aspects of:

  • Wireless and Mobile Internet fundamentals
  • 4G access technologies by 3GPP: LTE/LTE-Advanced
  • Evolved Packet Core (EPC) for mobile Internet network
  • 4G access technologies by IEEE: Mobile WiMAX
  • WiFi access technologies: IEEE 802.11n/ac/ad
  • QoS in wireless and mobile networks
  • 4G mobile VoIP and mobile IPTV
  • OTT (Over-The-Top) broadband Internet services in wireless and mobile networks
  • QoS assesment and QoS parameters for mobile services
  • Regulatory and business aspects for wireless and mobile brodband access to Internet

Course Content

1. Wireless and Mobile Internet fundamentals
  • Mobile and Wireless Networks Evolution
  • Mobile Generations
  • Global ICT Developments in 21st Century
  • The Rise of the Internet
  • The Internet Evolution
  • Internet development timeline
  • Internet protocols
  • Structure of IP packed
  • Internet fundamentals – name spaces
  • Internet architecture – for all access networks
  • The Internet and mobile networks story
  • Internet network problem for mobility?
  • The Convergence of ICT onto the Internet
  • All-IP Mobile/Wireless Network Concept
  • The Merging of the Winning Technologies
  • GSM/GPRS architecture
  • IETF solution for the Internet mobility – Mobile IP
  • Mobile IPv6
  • 3GPP approach for mobility in all-IP networks
  • The way from 2G toward 3G
  • 3G standardization
  • UMTS Network Architecture
  • Wireless IP for CDMA2000
  • UMTS data capabilities
  • UMTS frequancy bands and access schemes
  • High Speed Downlink Packets Access (HSDPA) capabilities
  • High-speed shared channels
  • High Speed Packed Access (HSPA)
  • HSPA+ capabilities
  • HSPA+ goals
  • HSPA peak data rates
  • HSPA/HSPA+ throughput evolution
  • Dual-carrier HSPA
  • One-tunnel architecture
  • Mobility management
  • Location management
  • Location management in GPRS and UMTS
  • Areas in GSM, GPRS and UMTS
  • Radio Resource Control in UMTS
  • Location Update
  • Handovers in UMTS
  • UMTS/HSPA technologies overview
2. 4G access technologies by 3GPP: LTE/LTE-Advanced
  • IMT-Advanced requirements
  • 4G technologies according to the ITU
  • 4G key features
  • 4G standard by 3GPP: LTE/LTE-Advanced
  • 3GPP releases timeline
  • LTE targets
  • LTE statistics
  • LTE/LTE-Advanced standardization
  • LTE architecture
  • LTE radio interface – layer 1
  • LTE OFDMA downlink resource assignment in time and frequency
  • LTE radio interface – layer 2
  • E-UTRAN interfaces
  • LTE protocols on X2 interface
  • LTE-Advanced (Rel-10 and beyond)
  • LTE-Advanced statistics
  • Key features in LTE-A Release 10
  • LTE-Advanced – the most important ones
  • LTE-Advanced – carrier aggregation
  • MIMO increase the bitrates in 3G and 4G
  • Some key features in LTE-A Release 11
  • Bitrates of 4G mobile broadband technologies by 3GPP
  • Latency comparison – from GPRS to LTE
  • Home eNodeB
  • Local IP Access (LIPA)
  • Selected IP Traffic Offload (SIPTO)
  • IMT spectrum (3G and 4G mobile broadband)
  • Small cells in the mobile networks future?
  • 5G: Toward the future mobile broadband
  • Additional 5G expectations
  • 5G foreseen architecture
  • ITU’s work on 5G
3. Evolved Packet Core (EPC) for mobile Internet network
  • 3GPP architecture evolution towards SAE
  • SAE characteristics
  • Evolved Packed Core (EPC)
  • Mobility Management Entity (MME)
  • Gateways: Serving Gateway (S-GW) and PDN Gateway (P-GW)
  • Control nodes in the EPC
  • LTE/SAE interfaces
  • LTE protocol stack – control and user plane
  • LTE bearers
  • Location management in LTE
  • Mobility management in LTE
  • QoS, policy and charging for LTE/LTE-A
  • IMS timeline
  • IMS is access independent
  • IMS architecture
  • Functional entities in the IMS architecture
  • Proxy, serving and interrogating CSCF
  • Example of IMS and Mobility Management in mobile networks
4. 4G access technologies by IEEE: Mobile WiMAX
  • 3G Mobile WiMAX model and spectrum
  • Mobile WiMAX Release 1 (IEEE 802.16e)
  • Comparing end-to-end Mobile WiMAX and LTE
  • 4G standards by IEEE: Mobile WiMAX 2.0
  • Mobile WiMAX architecture
  • Mobile WiMAX 2.0 radio interface
  • Advanced features of IEEE 802.16m
  • IEEE 802.16m multicarrier protocol stack and frame structure
  • WiMAX QoS provisioning
  • Contention-based random access
  • Other QoS mechanisms in IEEE 802.16m
  • Comparison o IEEE 802.16m and LTE-Advanced
  • Mobile Internet access maximum speeds
5. WiFi access technologies: IEEE 802.11n/ac/ad
  • Main IEEE 802.11 (WiFi) standards
  • IEEE 802.11 standards timeline
  • WiFi network
  • WiFi extended service set
  • WiFi architectures
  • IEEE 802.11 frequency bands
  • WiFi and mobility
  • More talk about WiFi
  • IEEE 802.11 protocol stack
  • WiFi bit rates on physical layer
  • IEEE 802.11n
  • IEEE 802.11n channel bonding
  • IEEE 802.11n beam forming
  • IEEE 802.11n – new technologies
  • IEEE 802.11n frame aggregation
  • IEEE 802.11n configurations and bitrates
  • IEEE 802.11ac – Gigabit WiFI
  • IEEE 802.11ac – capabilities
  • IEEE 802.11ac configurations and bitrates
  • IEEE 802.11n vs. IEEE 802.11ac bitrates
  • IEEE 802.11ad
  • IEEE 802.11ad bitrates
  • Example use cases for IEEE 802.11ad
  • IEEE 802.11ad beamforming
  • IEEE 802.11ac vs. IEEE IEEE 802.11ad
  • WiFi for Hotspots
6. QoS in wireless and mobile networks
  • QoS in UMTS
  • UMTS QoS attributes
  • UMTS bearer architecture
  • UMTS QoS classes and categories
  • QoS impact in UMTS
  • SAE Quality of Service
  • EPS bearers
  • EPS bearer parameters
  • QoS class parameters in EPS
  • QoS Class Identifiers (QCI)
  • PDP context vs. EPS bearer attributes
  • WiMAX QoS architecture
  • QoS service types in mobile WiMAX
  • IEEE 802.16 Bandwidth Request (BR) and grant mechanism
  • IEEE 802.16m QoS framework
  • New QoS parameters for the aGP service
  • Mapping of service flow between IEEE 802.16m (4G) and IEEE 802.16e (3G)
  • IEEE 802.11e for QoS support in WiFi
  • EDCA QoS
  • EDCA in IEEE 802.11e for QoS support
  • WiFi QoS support
  • Default EDCA parameters for access categories
  • HCCA (Hybrid Coordination Function Controlled Channel Access)
7. 4G mobile VoIP and mobile IPTV
  • Telecommunications retail revenues
  • QoS-enabled services in Mobile and Wireless Networks
  • GSM voice service and signalling
  • Video Telephony in 3G
  • Push-to-Talk over Cellular (PoC)
  • Multimedia streaming
  • Packet-switched Streaming Service (PSS)
  • 3GPP PSS Protocol Stack
  • Session control with Real-Time Streaming Protocol (RTSP)
  • Session control with Session Initiation Protocol (SIP)
  • SIP characteristics
  • SIP messages
  • SIP responses
  • SIP diagram for VoIP
  • Real-time Transport Protocol (RTP)
  • Voice over IP in UMTS
  • Circuit-Switched (CS) fallback to LTE
  • QoS-enabled Mobile VoIP
  • Establishing VoIP service between different mobile operators
  • QoS-enabled VoIP data transfer between mobile operators
  • Mobile TV
  • IPTV over WiMAX and WiFi
  • Multicast and Broadcast Multimedia Sytem (MBMS)
  • Evolved MBMS architecture
  • MBMS service area
8. OTT (Over-The-Top) broadband Internet services in wireless and mobile networks
  • What belongs to OTT service space?
  • FTP service
  • Electronic mail (E-mail)
  • World Wide Web (WWW)
  • Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP)
  • Web-based E-mail
  • Peer-to-Peer (P2P) services
  • Example of P2P services: Skype
  • Other OTT VoIP over mobile network
  • Comparison between Telco and OTT VoIP
  • OTT multimedia streaming: YouTube
  • Smart home via mobile Internet access
  • Mobile social networking
  • Social networks of the future
  • Cloud computing
  • Cloud computing architecture
  • Mobile cloud computing
  • OTT cloud services: Google cloud model
9. QoS assesment and QoS parameters for mobile services
  • QoS backround
  • End-to-end QoS
  • Relationship between QlS and Performance
  • Relationship between QoS and QoE
  • QoE dimensions
  • QoS models in standardization documents
  • ITU-T E.800 QoS model
  • Phase oriented aspect model
  • QoS assessment process
  • Basic settings for QoS assessments
  • Visualization of different PCOs
  • Service Independent QoS criteria
10. Regulatory and business aspects for wireless and mobile broadband access to Internet
  • Developments in mobile data traffic and revenues
  • Mobile Internet access and QoS challenges
  • Regulatory approaches in mobile networks
  • QoS regulations
  • Criteria for QoS parameters
  • Regulatory aspects
  • QoS model for mobile services
  • Layered approach to mobile QoS
  • Layered mobile QoS parameters
  • Layered mobile QoS
  • Test scenarios for Mobile QoS measurements
  • Trigger points for mobile QoS measurements
  • Other considerations on trigger points
  • Measurements in mobile networks
  • KPIs: mobile network’s perspective of QoS
  • KPIs from Users’ Perspective = KQIs
  • Enforcement of Quality of Service
  • Audit of Quality of Service
  • Mobile KPIs for telephony
  • Mobile KPIs for SMS
  • Mobile KPIs for data services
  • Publication of QoS results
  • Some best practices and additional challenges
  • Experiences from mobile QoS regulation practices
  • Possible future mobile QoS regulation developments

An example of the course materials.


Prof. Toni Janevski

Toni Janevski, Ph.D., is a Full Professor at the Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Information Technologies, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University, Skopje, Macedonia. He received his Dipl. Ing., M.Sc. and Ph.D. degrees in electrical engineering all from Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Information Technologies, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, in 1996, 1999 and 2001, respectively. During 1996-1999 he has worked for the Macedonian mobile operator Mobimak (currently T-Mobile, Makedonski Telekom, Macedonia), contributing to the planning, dimensioning and implementation of the first mobile network in Macedonia. From 1999 he is with Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Information Technologies in Skopje.

In 2001 he has conducted research in optical communications at IBM T. J. Watson Research Center, New York. During 2005-2008 he was an elected member of the Commission of the Agency for Electronic Communications (AEC) of the Republic of Macedonia. During the periods 2008-2012 and 2012-2016 he was member of the Senate of the Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje. In 2009 he has established Macedonian ITU (International Telecommunication Union) Centre of Excellence (CoE) as part of the Europe’s CoE network, and serves as its head/coordinator since than.

In 2012 he has won “Goce Delchev” award, the highest award for science in Macedonia (can be received once in a lifetime). Also, he received Best Scientists Award of the Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje for 2013 (can be received once for a lifetime).

He is the author of the book titled “Traffic Analysis and Design of Wireless IP Networks”, which is published in 2003 by Artech House Inc, USA. In April 2014 has appeared his book titled “NGN Architectures, Protocols and Services”, published by John Wiley & Sons, UK. He is also author of the book “Internet Technologies for Fixed and Mobile Networks”, published in November 2015 by Artech House, USA. Further, in April 2019, he has published the book “QoS for Fixed and Mobile Ultra-Broadband”, John Wiley & Sons (Wiley – IEEE Press series), UK. He has published over 200 research papers and has led several research and applicative projects in the area of Internet technologies and mobile and wireless networks.

Also, he has tutored and coordinated many international courses in the ITU Academy, each year since 2009. He is a Senior Member of IEEE since 2005. He is currently a member from Europe region in the ITU’s GCBI (Group on Capacity Building Initiatives), in the term 2018-2022.

His interests include Internet Technologies, Mobile, Wireless and Multimedia Networks and Services, Quality of Service (QoS), Design and Modeling of Telecommunication Networks, Next Generation Networks, 5G and beyond Mobile Networks and Services, Internet of Things (IoT), Cloud Computing, and Future Networks.

Course Date (Duration)

9 – 16 March 2020 (8 days)

Participation fees

150 USD

Delivery Method

E-Learning Course. The course methodology will be as follows:

  • Each day from 9 to 13 March 2020 there will be made available two recorded video lectures, which are recorded in the face-to-face ITU Centre of Excellence workshop organised by National Institute of Telecommunications in Poland. In total there are 10 video lectures during the course.
  • Discussion forum will be organized based on discussion topics given on a daily basis, where students are highly encouraged to participate and interact with instructors and other students.
  • Quiz test will be assigned on the last day of the course, 16 March 2020.
  • All announcements for all events (lectures, quiz and forum) will be given in a timely manner (prior to the event) by the course tutor.


At the end of the course participants will take part in a written test checking the level of knowledge gained during the training.


STEP 1 – Login into ITU Academy

In order to access this course you need to have a valid account in ITU Academy. First, you should login into the ITU Academy with your ITU Academy account via the login page:

If you have no valid account in ITU Academy Create new account

STEP 2 – Registration into this course

After login into ITU Academy, select the course “Wireless Access Technologies to Internet Network” by using the link:



ITU CoE Courses

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